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Powys Metal Mines Survey


Bacheiddon lies in the community of Cadfarch in the county of Powys. It is located at Ordnance Survey national grid reference SN83709708 . The mine is recorded in the CPAT Historic Environment Record as number 5077 and this number should be quoted in all correspondence.

Lead (1851-1863)

Lower Silurian Frongoch formation. Mineralisation includes galena and sphalerite in a vein trending ESE/WNW.

A long E-W opencut is the main surface feature with two shafts through its base at SN83679707 which connect with a level driven into the hillside to the south at SN83629698. Numerous trials are located around the opencut which were probably attempts to find extensions of the lode. The level to the south connects with workings at the Rhoswydol mine. Two levels and a shaft are located approximately half a mile to the west both above and within Nant Cymdu. The upper level is located at SN82309750. The level in the bottom of Nant Cymdu is located at SN82209720 while the shaft can be found at SN81729762.

An inclined trackway runs up the hillside from the southern level. This track possibly continues to the north-west and ultimately led to the Rhoswydol dressing floors.

None present. Processing was presumably completed at Rhoswydol Mine.

There is some slight evidence for manual concentration of mined ore in the spoil tips before it was transported to Rhoswydol.

Other features
Some unusual earthworks were found to the east of the main opencut which may be earlier workings at SN97098348. Two circular banks 2.40m in diameter were recorded with associated and partly enclosing banks to the east and west. A rectangular platform to the east of these was cut into the hillside and measured 14x3m SN83509708.

This HTML page is reproduced from the Powys and Clwyd Metal Mine Surveys which were undertaken between May 1992 and December 1993 by Mark Walters and Pat Frost of the Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust with financial support from Powys County Council, Clwyd County Council and Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments. Further information about this site is available in CPAT's Regional Historic Environment Record.
Page produced by Rachel Stebbings and Chris Martin.