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Clwyd Metal Mines
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Clwyd Metal Mines Survey


Penmachno lies in the community of Cilcain in the county of Flintshire. It is located at Ordnance Survey national grid reference SJ14906445. The mine is recorded in the CPAT Historic Environment Record as number 18169 and this number should be quoted in all correspondence.

Gold trials (1888-1892)

Ludlow rocks of the Silurian period.

Trials for gold in the quartz veins run north-west to south-east on the slopes of the Clwydian Range. The workings of Penmachno remain as levels cut into the hillside on eastern slopes of The Clwydian Range, south of Moel Llys-y-coed, being to the east of the Offa's Dyke Footpath. No mineral evidence remains. Workings suggest that the ore was near the surface. The larger collapsed levels can be located at SJ15006440, SJ14986474, having the remains of a whim circle and SJ14856455, having a picking floor area adjacent to it and evidence of the downhill transportation of ore. A run of shallow shafts remain alongside the Offa's Dyke path at SJ14646482 and at least four levels remain to the west of these shafts and west of the footpath at SJ14506465.

No evidence.

No evidence.

Contemporary news reports suggest that Crushing and washing machinery were installed on the sett, presumably being the building remains at SJ15206480.

Other features
The approach track to the sett from Cilcain passes the remains of a large rectangular group of buildings at SJ15206470; their substantial structure suggests that they were mine related.

This HTML page is reproduced from the Powys and Clwyd Metal Mine Surveys which were undertaken between May 1992 and December 1993 by Mark Walters and Pat Frost of the Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust with financial support from Powys County Council, Clwyd County Council and Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments. Further information about this site is available in CPAT's Regional Historic Environment Record.
Page produced by Rachel Stebbings and Chris Martin.

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