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Landscapes of the Limsetone in Flintshire

Amongst the various scheduling enhancement projects (SEPS) that CPAT has been conducting on behalf of Cadw over the last couple of years, the assessment of surviving earthworks on the limestone plateau of north Wales stands out as being different in both origin and nature and while it has some similarities in its methodology and characteristics with past (and present) SEPS its geographical focus and multi-period coverage set it apart.

Hen Caerwys 2015

Surveying the limsetone landscape at Hen Caerwys in 2015

As a programme of work Landscapes of the Limestone had its genesis within the Hen Caerwys settlement project that was initiated in 2011. Hen Caerwys is arguably the most significant medieval rural settlement site in north-east Wales but in study and appreciation it has had a remarkably chequered recent history (Davies and Silvester 2015). For many years after the abolition of Clwyd County Council and its heritage service the only definitive site plan prepared by Gwynedd Archaeological Trust in 1993 was unlocatable and believed lost. A copy was then found in safe-keeping in Flintshire, together with several other plans of relict earthworks that lay in the neighbourhood of Hen Caerwys, prepared in the follow year, 1994. All of these sites in the Caerwys area lay on limestone, and it was decided that it might be useful to assess what other relict earthworks surviving on the limestone belt had already been recorded in Flintshire and were to be found within the regional Historic Environment Record and the National Monument Record, not least because it might help to determine whether the survival around Caerwys was anomalous and exceptional.

The work focused on the earthwork complexes at Pant, Coed Trefraith, Coed Tan y Plas, Coed Tan y Walk, as well as others remarked by Ellis Davies. The project has utilised and built on the plans made in 1993, with the specific intention of analysing, describing and contextualising the group and defining their wider importance.


The complicated Scheduled earthworks at Pant, near Hen Caerwys.

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