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How the West was Won
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How the West was Won: earliest farmers in mid wales


Walton

The Walton palisaded enclosure

A post hole in one of the palisaded enclosures

As part of our Heritage Management Outreach function, the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust has prepared an exhibition entitled How the West was Won. The exhibition draws on Cadw funded projects carried out by CPAT in the Walton Basin, which lies between New Radnor and the English border. It also makes use of the virtual reality model first prepared for the Radnorshire Museum by CPAT and Steve Smith and funded by Powys County Council, and on earlier survey work carried out by CPAT, the Bayerisches Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege in Munich, the Republic of Ireland's Discovery Programme and the Archaeology Service of the Municpality of Zwolle in the Netherlands under the European Commission funded SEPAH project.

The display comprises a series of bilingual panels, giving details of some of the remarkable Neolithic monuments that populate this area. These include the Hindwell and the Walton palisaded enclosures, the Hindwell and the Walton Green cursus monuments and the Womaston Causwayed camp. Together these form an awe inspiring sequence of ceremonial monuments built by the earliest farmers in Wales and ranging in date from between 3800 to 2500 BC.

Thousands of tonnes of earth and timber were moved during the construction of this sequence of massive monuments which radically changed the landscape in the Walton Basin. It clearly involved the coming together of hundreds if not thousands of people, at least at certain times of the year. We have still to learn what the monuments were for, but the way they cluster around the springs at the source of the Hindwell Brook hints at a religious cult based on water sources. Most of the sites have been discovered by aerial photography and few are visible on the ground today.

Huw  Edwards and the posts

The Hindwell Neolithic palisaded enclosure, which has a diameter of 750m and covers an area of over 34 hectares, is the largest enclosure of its type in Britain. It featured in the first episode of the BBC Wales series , which saw Huw Edwards walking through oak woodland as the posts of the enclosure sprang magically into view behind him. The enclosure would have taken over 1400 posts, each possibly up to 4m high, to build it

The Walton Green cursus

The display panels were originally produced for an exhibition put together for the 2012 Royal Welsh Show at Llanelwedd, and now form the core of a CPAT travelling exhibition. If you are interested in booking all or part of this travelling exhibition, please contact Chris Martin at CPAT. Digital copies of each of the display panels can also be downloaded (in PDF format) from this website, by following the link below.

The How the West was Won exhibition material has been produced by the Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust, and received funding from Cadw.

The palisade!




Click here to view or download copies of the booklet Click here to view or download copies of the booklet CPAT have produced entitled How the West was Won. You will need a copy of Adobe Acrobat to read these files - follow the links on the next page to obtain the most recent version of this program.

Click here to view or download copies of the display panels Click here to view or download your own digital copies of the How the West was Won display panels. You will need a copy of Adobe Acrobat to read these files - follow the links on the next page to obtain the most recent version of this program.

For further information, or to book the How the West was Won travelling exhibiton for your venue,
contact Chris Martin at CPAT.




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